General Chapter <795> Pharmaceutical Compounding—Nonsterile Preparations. In: United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary (USP 43-NF 38). Revised January 1, 2014. Rockville, MD: The United States Pharmacopeia Convention Inc; 2020.
Proposed Revisions to <795> Pharmaceutical Compounding – Nonsterile Preparations. The United States Pharmacopeia Convention Inc; 2021. Available at: https://go.usp.org/l/323321/2021-08-31/5kmcjf/323321/1630438802OI493yjz/BUD_Scientific_Rationale_for_the_2021_Proposed_Revisions_to__795_.docx. Accessed November 15, 2021.
Pancorbo SA, Campagna KD, Devenport JK, et al.Task force report of competency statements for pharmacy practice. Am J Pharm Educ. 1987; 51:196–206.
Allen LV Jr. Establishing and marketing your extemporaneous compounding service. US Pharm. 1990; 15(Dec):74–7.
Remington's pharmaceutical sciences. 18th ed. Gennaro AR, ed. Easton, PA: Mack Publishing; 1990; 1630–1, 1658, 1660.
The United States Pharmacopeia, 22nd rev., and The National Formulary, 17th ed. Rockville, MD: The United States Pharmacopeial Convention; 1989.
USP DI Volume III: Approved drug products and legal requirements. 14th ed. Rockville, MD: The United States Pharmacopeial Convention; 1994.
USP DI Volume I: Drug information for the health care professional. 14th ed. Rockville, MD: The United States Pharmacopeial Convention; 1994.
29 §C.F.R. 1910. 1200(1990).
ASHP technical assistance bulletin on handling cytotoxic and hazardous drugs. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990; 47:1033–49.
Feinberg JL. Complying with OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard. Consult Pharm. 1991; 6:444, 446, 448.
Myers CE. Applicability of OSHA Hazard Communication Standard to drug products. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990; 47:1960–1.
21 C.F.R. §211.137.
Connors KA, Amidon GL, Stella VJ. Chemical stability of pharmaceuticals: a handbook for pharmacists. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley; 1986.
American Society of Hospital Pharmacists. ASHP guidelines on preventing medication errors in hospitals. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1993; 50:305–14.
Fitzgerald WL Jr. The legal authority to compound in pharmacy practice. Tenn Pharm. 1990; 26(Mar):21–2.
Associated Press. Pittsburgh woman loses eye to tainted drugs; 12 hurt. Baltimore Sun. 1990; Nov 9:3A.
Associated Press. Eye drop injuries prompt an FDA warning. N Y Times. 1990; 140(Dec 9):39I.
Jeglum EL, Rosenberg SB, Benson WE. Preparation of intravitreal drug doses. Ophthalmic Surg. 1981; 12:355–9.
Reynolds LA. Guidelines for preparation of sterile ophthalmic products. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1991; 48:2438–9.
Reynolds LA, Closson R. Ophthalmic drug formulations. A handbook of extemporaneous products. Vancouver, WA: Applied Therapeutics; 1993.
The United States Pharmacopeia, 22nd rev., and The National Formulary, 17th ed. Rockville, MD: The United States Pharmacopeial Convention; 1989:1692–3.
Allen LV. Indomethacin 1% ophthalmic suspension. US Pharm. 1991; 16(May):82–3.
American Society of Hospital Pharmacists. ASHP technical assistance bulletin on handling cytotoxic and hazardous drugs. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990; 47:1033–49.
OSHA work-practice guidelines for personnel dealing with cytotoxic (antineoplastic) drugs. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1986; 43:1193–204.
Ansel HC, Popovich NG. Pharmaceutical dosage forms and drug delivery systems. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1990:354–7.
Stolar MH. Expiration dates of repackaged drug products. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1979; 36:170. Editorial.
Remington's pharmaceutical sciences. 19th ed. Gennaro AR, ed. Easton, PA: Mack Publishing; 1990:1581–959.
ASHP. Compounded Oral Liquid Version 1.01. https://www.ashp.org/-/media/assets/pharmacy-practice/s4s/docs/s4s-ashp-oral-compound-liquids.ashx?la=en&hash=0D7770B13939378D2F300E988F85F4205694FBB9. Published July 2017. Accessed July 1, 2020.
Containment ventilated enclosure (CVE) or biological safety cabinet (BSC), mortar and pestle, graduated cylinder
Caution: Hazardous Drug—Non-antineoplastic hazardous drug: Must be prepared in compliance with USP <800>.
Open capsules and empty contents into a mortar.
Triturate contents to a fine powder.
Levigate powder with a small amount of vehicle to form a paste.
Add vehicle in increasing amounts while mixing thoroughly.
Transfer contents of the mortar to a graduated cylinder.
Rinse the mortar and pestle with vehicle and pour into graduated cylinder.
Add vehicle to the graduated cylinder to achieve the total volume indicated above.
Transfer contents of the graduated cylinder into an appropriately sized amber bottle.
Shake well to mix.
Quality-Control Procedures — Visually inspect for physical appearance of formulation and container closure integrity (no leakage, cracks in container, or improper seals).
Labeling Requirements — Extemporaneously compounded preparation. Caution: hazardous drug. For oral use only. Store at room temperature. Shake well before use.
Storage Conditions/Stability — Store at room temperature. Stable for 90 days.
Study Container Type — Amber glass vial
Referenced Manufacturer — Zidovudine capsules (Retrovir, Burroughs Wellcome Co); simple syrup (not specified).
Stability-Indicating Study — Yes
Commercially available — Use extemporaneously prepared formulation only when commercial product is unavailable.
Radwan MA. Stability-indicating HPLC assay of zidovudine in extemporaneous syrup. Anal Lett. 1994;27:1159–1164.
© 2022 American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. All Right Reserved.
Powered by: PubFactory
Character limit 500/500